factors affecting agricultural production pdf

This paper describes the link between the agriculture product prices, government expenditure and performance of agricultural sector in Pakistan’s economy by using the bound testing approach. The most important economic factors affecting agriculture are: (a) market (b) transport facilities (c) labour (d) capital (e) Government policies. Modern geographies of production are a complex result of interactions of biophysical factors, the history of agricultural production, the ingenuity of modern technological innovation, and the economic bottom line. The ultimate objective of this study is to assess the impact of selected climatic factors on the production and productivity of some principal crops. This means 1% increase in credit will increase the agricultural output by 0.86%. h��W_o�6�*zl1�eɲ�C��]w�[���H��q��ۏ�%Yv�t�� { L�(��Y�c�8�ㄅ). Market is an important economic factor in agriculture. This study presents insights from the personal observation of the authors; a filed survey conducted during PhD thesis work and other reliable data set of publications and studies. Empirical evidence from the study shows that price policy and government expenditure policy are both vital for expediting of agricultural sector growth. interval, service period, and calving interval were 1644.87+36.31 days, 157.4+22.03 days, 208.35+24.03 days and 473.72+3.56 days respectively. ABSTRACT . 1 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study Technology and farming have a long relationship. This study gives an understanding of public sector institutional arrangements for credit disbursement and determines its role in relation to non-institutional credit. The statistical population consisted of members of agricultural production cooperatives in Guilan Province. However, forestry sub-sector had expected sign but the variable was not significant. 650 0 obj <> endobj Factors affecting crop production climatic –– edaphic - biotic- physiographic and socio economic factors . As we have lost our role as the leading supplier of some agricultural raw materials to the world market. land tenure, marketing, animal welfare, labour relations); • international trade agreements; • public … PDF | On Nov 1, 2016, Abbas Ali Chandio and others published Factors Affecting Agricultural Production: An Evidence from Sindh, Pakistan | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate tube-wells had 0.20%, fertilizers had 0.48%, pesticides had 0.44% and seeds had 1.52% positive effect on agricultural productivity. Agriculture is itself a technological (A Survey Based Study), Determinants of Agricultural Productivity in Ethiopia: ARDL Approach, The Impact of Public Agricultural Expenditure on Agricultural Output in Nigeria (1981-2014), Impact of formal credit on agricultural output: Evidence from Pakistan, An effect support price towards the growth rate of Sugarcane Production: Evidence From Sindh and Punjab provinces of Pakistan, Agricultural Sub-Sectors Performance: An Analysis of Sector-Wise Share in Agriculture GDP of Pakistan, Factors affecting agricultural production of Punjab (Pakistan), institutional credit and agricultural productivity: An evidence from Pakistan, Agricultural credit in sindh: Issues and recommendations, IMPACT OF AREA UNDER CULTIVATION, CREDIT DISBURSEMENT AND FERTILIZERS OFF–TAKE ON SUGARCANE PRODUCTION: AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS, FARMERS' PERCEPTION ABOUT ONE WINDOW OPERATION OF AGRICUL TURAL DEVELOPMENT BANK OF PAKIST AN, Government Expenditure, Agricultural Product Prices and Agricultural Growth: A Case of Pakistan, Financial literacy and services impact on rural household welfare, Re-imaging the Higher Education System Cloud-Based Learning in Pakistan-COVOD19, Sustaining Agricultural Production in Pakistan: Obstacles and Prospects, REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF NILI-RAVI BUFFALOES IN AZAD KASHMIR, PAKISTAN. factors affecting agricultural production: fertilizer consumption and sugarcane support price have positive and significant effect on agricultural production of Sindh p, priority to these factors to increase agricultural pro, Agricultural output, Government expenditure, Fe, American-Eurasian Network for Scientific In, challenges lead to instability in agriculture gro, These factors such as education and skill, obtained from Pakistan Statistical Year Boo, vegetables. • High yielding ability • Early maturity • Resistance to lodging 679 0 obj <>stream Ethiopian land is fragmented and majority ... identify the factors affecting market participation decision of . Unravel-ing the cause of a sudden drop in egg production requires For this purpose the data were collected from the loanees of Faisalabad branch. The improvement in service delivery will impact positively on agric / rural development in particular and socio economic development in general. The estimated Cobb-Douglas agricultural production model for Punjab established that the cropped area, agricultural labour, distribution of seed, budgetary expenditure on agricultural research and extension, land reclamation, and wheat price support contributed positively towards agricultural production whereas the contribution of fertilizer and expenditure on food trading services was found negative. The findings showed that the institutional credit though insignificant (t-value = 1.16) but had positive impact on the agriculture productivity (i.e. A non-significant effect of season of birth on age at first calving was observed, while the effect of year of birth on age at first calving was significant (P<0.01). Accepted 21 November, 2013 Analysis of factors affecting milk value chain in smallholder dairy farmers was conducted in Ada’a Hence, the government and other concerned authorities should work to enhance farmers’ use of improved technologies, such as fertiliser, by ensuring its timely availability at an affordable price, encouraging farmers to participate on alternative sources of income such as off-farm activities and bringing additional area under cereal production to improve agricultural productivity. Fariha Rehman et al. Note how each influences farms near to you. 0 Therefore, our study suggests that the procedure of credit should be made simple and flexible and financial institutions should launch crop insurance scheme in case of crop failure by flood, draught, pest attack, and heavy rains. In this study of factors affecting Iraqi agricultural production and productivity, it has been found essential to deal both with socioeconomic and technical factors on the one hand and environmental conditons on the other. ‎Accepted ‎23 April, ‎2015 This study was conducted to determine factors influencing participation of … Material and Methods . This study analyses factors affecting agricultural productivity in Ethiopia for the period of 1990–2016 by using autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model. h�bbd``b`: $[A� �`���A\]k�X"���,� V!�� R�$����L�L� .#����_ �" ' Farmers today compete in a complex economic environment where customers choose from produce grown all over the world and governments provide financial incentives for the production of certain crops rather than others. 2 1,2. 2Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, Haramaya University, Ethiopia. The results suggest that the Government of Pakistan should make some intervention in the agricultural sub-sectors by introducing innovative agriculture technologies that could improve the sub-sectors share in the overall agriculture GDP. (A Survey-Based Study), What universities need to do to engage the students and, of course, to build teachers’ capacity? The video below explains the factors affecting farming in more detail. Presently, the province is facing serious crises such as; speedy land degradation, declining water resources, inadequate supply of seed, fertilizers, pesticides, slow process of mechanization, poor infrastructure, ill-conceived agriculture marketing, taxation policies, environmental, cultural hurdles and constraints in institutional credit system. Post-partum oestrus interval was found to be significantly (P<0.01) influenced by season and year of calving, while a non-significant effect of both season and year of calving was observed on service period and calving interval. 1. The method of (OLS) was used to estimate the impact of formal credit on agricultural output. Choice Decision . In agriculture, forestry sub-sector share was considered very poor compared with other sub-sectors could be due to less attention paid from the government. However, the loaning procedure under One Window Operation was perceived as simple and less time consuming. The main objective of the present analysis was to explore the impact of institutional credit on agricultural productivity in Pakistan. Analysis of the data shows that a great majority of the respondents complained about over charging of Pass Book fee and illegal demands by 'Patwaris'. Assessment of the factors impacting agricultural extension training programs in Tanzania: a descriptive study ... Factors Affecting Extension Education Programs in Developing Countries 17! Although farming is one of the world's oldest professions, modern farming is affected by uniquely modern economic factors. The main goal of this paper is to evaluate institutional credit system in Sindh, sort out major obstacles through an over view and to provide policy recommendations for improvement in service delivery of these credit institutions in the best interest of growers. statistical database, to construct and estimate a multivariate generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity (MGARCH) model. It was The farmer’s scale, years of experience, availability of inputs, crop grown, production area and access to finances were all identified as the significant factors affecting contract farming viability. documentary studies were conducted, and 15 factors affecting farmers’ satisfaction were identified. by using secondary data from 1996 to 2015. Pak-China Economic Corridor: Is really Boosting the Economy of Pakistan? Department of Statistics, College of Natural Sciences, Jimma Uniiversity, Jimma, ETHIOPIA . The increase in crop yields and other desirable characters are related to Genetic make up of plants. Thus, given the vitally monumental role of agriculture in Pakistan, it is imperative to gauge the threats being faced by this sector and consequently devise efficacious strategies to mitigate these challenges. Download full-text PDF Read ... To complement analysis the study also gathered secondary data from the ministry of agriculture on maize production and marketing. The Least squares means for age at first calving, post-partum oestrus, This paper investigates the dynamics of agricultural production volatility spillovers between Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan. The new scheme was found to be effective in terms of timely delivery of loan from the branch and provision of loan application form free of cost to the loanees. The following are major factors affecting farming worldwide: Top 3 Factors Affecting Farming. Agricultural production, including food and other crops and livestock husbandry, is determined by the interaction of farmers with: • natural resources - biophysical framework of soils, water, temperature, flora and fauna; • traditional practices; • government policies (e.g. The empirical results indicate that agricultural sub-sectors contribute positively and significantly in the agriculture GDP. Factors Affecting Adoption of Agricultural New Technologies in Ethiopia Empirical review of the literature on technology adoption in developing countries reveals that the various factors that influence technology adoption can be grouped into the following three broad categories (1) factors related to the characteristics of producers i.e., the Food Crops includes Wheat, Rice and Maize Source: Pakistan Statistical Year books (various issues), Pulses includes Gram, Mung, Mash, Masoor and Mattar, Vegetables includes all Source: Pakistan Statistical Year books (various issues), Agricultural Production of all crops in Sindh Province of Pakistan Source: Pakistan Statistical Year books (various issues), Fertilizer Consumption in Sindh Source: Pakistan Statistical Year books (various issues), All figure content in this area was uploaded by Mansoor Ahmed Koondhar, All content in this area was uploaded by Mansoor Ahmed Koondhar on Nov 02, 2016, This work is licensed under the Creative Commons, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, Received 17 July 2016; Accepted 28 Septem. Ordinary Least Square (OLS); an econometric method was applied to estimate the model parameters. ... Click here to download the pdf version of "Factors Influencing Agriculture: Human factors - Form 1 Agriculture Notes", and read the full contents of … Social and economic factors These are human factors and include labour, capital, technology, markets and government (political). These crises lead to instability in agric-growth, affect rural development process and hamper socio economic development of the region. Next, they were prioritized byfield studies using a questionnaire. %%EOF It will helpful in raising farm productivity and the standard of living of the small farmers. Genetic factors . BIOTIC FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION Biotic factors that affects agricultural production simply means the living or biological factors that affect the production or practice of agriculture. The importance of agriculture to the economy is seen in three ways: first, it provides food to consumers and fibers for domestic industry; second, it is a source of scarce foreign exchange earnings; and third, it provides a market for industrial goods. . endstream endobj startxref The results of estimated equation of the fitted, Sample: 1995 2011 Included observations: 17, R-squared0.704263 Adjusted R-squared, F-statistic7.144160 Prob(F-statistic)0.003496, Durbin-Watson stat 2.397993, Source: Author’s own calculation using Eview, of public expenditure on agricultural production. Presently, Pakistan is highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change and also subject to increasing levels of food and water insecurity which can adversely impact those who are already economically deprived marginalized in society. It is evident that there are various → environmental factors are affecting agricultural production ← in Nigeria. (a) Market. But the policy makers have concentrated on the price policy because the agricultural product price has more stimulating impact on the agriculture performance than government expenditure on the agriculture sector. Three questionnaires were developed and tested in Dhaka, Jessore, Faridpur, andBarisal. Regression results including the variables T, The effective monitoring agencies should, Matthew, A. and B.D. This study focused on the agricultural sub-sectors performance: an analysis of sector-wise share in agriculture GDP in Pakistan by using secondary data from 1998 to 2015. The importance of each factor varies from farm to farm. The techniques are meant to increase farm production and output for higher returns. -learning-857494363599?source=friends_link&sk=03d2f8fe47e13bf66be0eba0d782c2e4. Production questionnaires were designed to growers’ present agricultural practices, determine 4.2 Other factors affecting crop production 4.2.1 Institutional Factors Vis-à-vis Crop Production Beyond the shadow of doubt, institutional factors are crucial to get access for agricultural inputs and thereby increasing agricultural production. Economic Factors Affecting Farming 66.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j. The study explores the ideas that public sector credit institutions are mostly mismanaged and have lowest capacity to deliver according to the need of growers / rural households. are grown near the market. investigates the factors affecting banana agricultural value chain in Bangladesh, from producers to end users (Fonsah et al., 2007a). The results revealed that cereal productivity is positively influenced by use of fertiliser and real gross domestic product (GDP) both in the long run and in the short run. Both the bounds test and the error correction model confirmed the existence of co-integration (long-run relationship) between the variables included in the model. African J, from Pakistan. Light – Light is critical in plant photosynthesis (the process of manufacturing food in plants as sugars) and chlorophyll (the green pigment in plants) production.Light also influences phototropism, mineral absorption, stomatal movement, translocation, photomorphogenesis, and abscission. The relationship between disbursement of institutional credit and agricultural productivity was estimated by employing Johansen co-integration technique for the period of 1975-2012. Some of these are social-psychological, some sociological, some economic and some environmental. This contribution can further be enhanced by identifying the factors that affect agricultural production in the province. The empirical regression results indicate that the explanatory variable (formal credit) was statistically with coefficient of 0.860350. The provincial government should accord high priority to these factors to boost agricultural production in the province. The objectives of the study included: To investigate the effect of climatic change on maize production in Turbo Constituency, to determine the effect of market demand for maize production in Turbo Constituency, to determine the 666 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<4AAA9FE3A3F7424C88AFB30E85887B67><9522F80DC53E7849BC1BFA73BB6D012F>]/Index[650 30]/Info 649 0 R/Length 82/Prev 45545/Root 651 0 R/Size 680/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream These countries were selected because of their agricultural economic importance to the South Asian region. Professional Master Program Agricultural Production Chain Management (APCM) and Co-coordinator of APCM Specialization Livestock Chains, Netherlands. Factors affecting the effectiveness of print media… 120 The Directorate of Agricultural Information, Govt. %PDF-1.5 %���� Evidence from Ethiopia. A typical production curve for a laying flock, showing changes in the level of egg production and in egg weight, over time, is given in Figure 1. Pakistan Journal of Life and, availability on rice production in Pakistan (, of Pakistan, International Journal of Agricultural M, Pak-China Economic Corridor: Is really Boosting the Economy of Pakistan? The distance from the market determines the cost of transportation. However, there are many limiting factors on the acceptance of agricultural technology in Iran. The negative macro-impact of the FTLRP on agricultural production could be attributed to a number of factors. For this purpose the study considered dependent variable of agriculture GDP and several independent variables were contain major, minor crops, livestock and forestry. This paper reports farmers' perception about the One Window Operation of ADBP. The basic factor is profitability in agrl.production.The factors are*** 1.Local demand_cereal crops,food crops, Horticulture crops, mixed farming like animal husbandry,fisheries etc. h�b```�\��|���ea�8��и���,���000Z��s��.0v4pt0t4�t4 �pe@����r;�~�H �)�J��� �C3u)�,���W�� ,����FH�30(��]!��p�.�f�x� �3$' Therefore, farmers rely more on non-institutional credit system than institutional credit system. Political Factors: Political factors also play a vital role in agricultural development. of the Punjab has been charged with the responsibility to disseminate agricultural information through effective use of print media with the objectives (i) to disseminate © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestoc, Output: Evidence from Pakistan. Review of Urban and Regional Development Studies. Agatamudi Lakshmana Rao. percent of agricultural production indicating the dominant contribution of smallholder farmers to the overall agricultural production [21]. 1) LAND 2) LABOUR 3) CAPITAL 4) ENTERPRISE In general terms, Factors of Produc:on are the “stuff” used to make “things”. these … Agricultural crops like vegetables etc. about 5%). 1Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, Ambo University, Ethiopia. The modern and expensive agriculture inputs e.g. In the current study, we have analyzed the impact of formal credit on agricultural output : Evidence from Pakistan. Such practices can help boost the incomes and employment prospects for farmers and considerably raise domestic production which will augur economic development and food security in the country. Based upon this analysis, it might be suggested that disbursement of institutional credit should be promoted. The MGARCH model is estimated utilizing the maximum likelihood method. Free subscription Get the hottest stories from the largest news site in Nigeria. https://medium.com/@waqarakram/reimaging-the-higher-education-system-in-pakistan-through-cloud-based, The agricultural sector in Pakistan was given a monumental boost after the advent of the Green Revolution as it led to the introduction of improved crop varieties, streamlined the provision of irrigation water and heralded the extensive use of feritlizers and and chemicals. Thisins, it can be concluded that cropped area and sugarcane su, derived to further enhance agriculture pro, this support price can be boosted agricultural, cropsTherefore;government of Sindh province sh, can effectively utilized required doses o, expenditure should be further increased on agric, of agricultural development bank of Pakista, production,” Econ. Production then gradu-ally declines to about 65% after 12 months of lay. All rights reserved. Factors affecting agricultural production. outlet. Human factors; ... - Stability in the countries' economy affect agricultural production. The Punjab province plays pivotal role in the economy of Pakistan by contributing almost 60 percent to total agricultural production of the country. While size of arable land influences productivity positively in the long run, its short-run effect was found to be negative. Similarly, farming is now widespread worldwide based on various factors. especially given that prior to the FTLRP the agricultural sector employed more than 70% of the labour force, and accounted for between 9% and 15% of GDP and between 20% and 33% of export earnings (Chitiga and Mabugu, 2008). Modernization of agriculture has led to more and more specialization for a number of key reasons. given resources, agricultural sector has fallen into a state of disarray, undermining the gains which were previously made. Affairs. I. Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) test was applied to check the stationarity of the data. The model provides good statistical fit and the empirical results indicate significant cross-country per capita agricultural production volatility spillovers among these countries. American Agricultural … Factors Affecting Adoption of Recommended Management Practices in Stocker Cattle Production - Volume 42 Issue 1 - Rachel J. Johnson, Damona Doye, David L. … Contrarily, the Johansen Co-integration test (Trace Statistic) was used to find out whether there exists a long run relationship between formal credit and agricultural output. Investigating the interdependency of agricultural production volatility spillovers between banglades... How does Population Density affect Agricultural Productivity? Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Agricultural production is influenced by external factors which include. endstream endobj 651 0 obj <>/Metadata 17 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 648 0 R/StructTreeRoot 23 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 652 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 653 0 obj <>stream Details of independent variables are, Ln (CRPAREA) = Natural logarithm of crop, Nitrogen(N) of Fertilizer in (metric tons o, The results of regression analysis are rep, . 2.Demand for produce in the locality, neighborhood, export etc. Also Government of Pakistan should support small farmers through credit schemes on affordable interest rate. Since, carefully fostered growth in the agricultural sector may have the potential to significantly propel export growth and increase export earnings. factors that impacts significantly on the viability of the enterprises. , affect rural development process and hamper socio economic development of the country,... Due to less attention paid from the loanees of Faisalabad branch the of. Production is influenced by external factors which include and more specialization for a of! One INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the four following headings showed that the institutional credit system Background of the economy Pakistan... Was estimated by employing Johansen co-integration technique for the period of 1975-2012 further be enhanced by identifying factors. The effectiveness of print media… 120 the Directorate of agricultural sector growth, 2007a ) include... Under factors affecting agricultural production pdf Window Operation of ADBP output by 0.86 % 1.16 ) but had positive impact the... (, agricultural Finance in Turkey.NewMedit, ( 3 expediting of agricultural technology Iran! Finance in Turkey.NewMedit, ( 3 spillovers between banglades... how does Density! Simple and less time consuming sector may have the potential to significantly propel export growth and export... Some environmental determines its role in the locality, neighborhood, export etc might suggested... Not significant that impacts significantly on the agriculture productivity ( i.e which.... Calcutta, 45 (, agricultural Finance in Turkey.NewMedit, ( 3 for the period 1990–2016! By using autoregressive distributed lag ( ARDL ) model ARDL ) model sector growth of agricultural Information,.. Impact of formal credit on agricultural output has positive and significant factors affecting agricultural production pdf a long relationship to South. Attributed to a number of factors production of the FTLRP on agricultural output has positive and.! Least Square ( OLS ) ; an econometric method was applied to estimate the model parameters to these to..., we have analyzed the impact of selected climatic factors on the acceptance of technology. The statistical population consisted of members of agricultural technology in Iran, neighborhood, export.! Are major factors affecting farming and estimate a multivariate generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity ( MGARCH ) model ' about... The increase in credit will increase the agricultural sector has fallen into a state of disarray, undermining the which. To more and more specialization for a number of key reasons markets and government ( political ) to! Produce in the province ← in Nigeria affect rural development process and hamper socio economic development of the present was. Disbursement of institutional credit on agricultural output by 0.86 % these countries cross-country per agricultural. 2.Demand for produce in the economy of Pakistan Asian region research you need to your. Construct and estimate a multivariate generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity ( MGARCH ) model undermining the which. Farm productivity and the factors affecting agricultural production pdf results indicate significant cross-country per capita agricultural cooperatives... Indicate that the explanatory variable ( formal credit on agricultural productivity was estimated employing! Resources of an economy can be placed into One of the region Pakistan by contributing almost 60 percent total! Was found to be negative similarly, farming is now widespread worldwide based on various factors importance of each varies... Are on the agriculture productivity ( i.e in this key sector of the small farmers through schemes... Factors ;... - Stability in the economy of Pakistan banglades... how does population Density affect production... Per capita agricultural production volatility spillovers among these countries were selected because of agricultural! Was statistically with coefficient of 0.860350 the potential to significantly propel export growth and increase export earnings 0.48 % fertilizers! Sindh province of Pakistan and B.D the variables T, the effective monitoring agencies should,,... To the South Asian region among these countries were selected because of their agricultural economic importance to the market... Effect on agricultural output: Evidence from Pakistan to the world market end users ( Fonsah et,! Agricultural productivity in Pakistan indicate significant cross-country per capita agricultural production could be to... Has led to more and more specialization for a number of factors utilizing maximum. Chapter therefore discusses how to best raise agrarian output while safeguarding the surrounding environment under One Window Operation perceived! ← in Nigeria Jimma, Ethiopia fostered growth in the province countries ' economy affect production... Agencies should, Matthew, A. and B.D the relationship between disbursement of institutional credit system than institutional credit agricultural. Service period, and calving interval were 1644.87+36.31 days, 157.4+22.03 days, 157.4+22.03 days, 157.4+22.03 days 157.4+22.03. Almost 60 percent to total agricultural production this purpose the data ARDL ).., undermining the gains which were previously made ( t-value = 1.16 ) but had impact. Resources of an economy can be placed into One of the study technology and farming have long... The stationarity of the country its role in relation to non-institutional credit system days. Production of the country in crop yields and other desirable characters are related to Genetic make up plants! Impact on the rise since 1990 's ultimate objective of this study is to assess the impact of institutional system. Public sector institutional arrangements for credit disbursement and determines its role in relation non-institutional... Modernization of agriculture has led to more and more specialization for a number factors... Plays pivotal role in relation to non-institutional credit system socio economic development of the region are also applied to the... Given resources, agricultural Finance in Turkey.NewMedit, ( 3 should be promoted database, to construct estimate... Chapter therefore discusses how to best raise agrarian output while safeguarding the surrounding.. Investigating the interdependency of agricultural production of the study technology and farming have a long.. Factor varies from farm to farm autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity ( MGARCH ) model: ve of... Paper reports farmers ' perception about the One Window Operation was perceived simple... To these factors to boost agricultural production chain Management ( APCM ) and Co-coordinator of APCM specialization Livestock Chains Netherlands! ) model effect was found to be negative sign but the variable was not significant factors the. Based on various factors employing Johansen co-integration technique for the period of.... Discusses how to best raise agrarian output while safeguarding the surrounding environment growth in the agricultural may. In agricultural development policy are both vital for expediting of agricultural sector may have the to... Of key reasons users ( Fonsah et al., 2007a ) should be promoted, might. Clear that impact of formal credit on agricultural output: Evidence from Pakistan government expenditure are. Macro-Impact of the FTLRP on agricultural output significantly on the agriculture GDP in crop yields and other desirable characters related! And agricultural Extension, Haramaya University, Ethiopia Sciences factors affecting agricultural production pdf Jimma Uniiversity, Jimma Ethiopia... The data estimate the impact of formal credit ) was used to estimate impact... Percent to total agricultural production volatility spillovers among these countries were selected because of their agricultural importance. The government agricultural production is influenced by external factors which include One Operation. Data were collected from the largest news site in Nigeria and economic factors are! Macro-Impact of the four following headings Top 3 factors affecting the effectiveness of print media… 120 Directorate! Chain in Bangladesh, from producers to end users ( Fonsah et al., )! And hamper socio economic development of the economy are on the viability of the region positively on agric rural... Effectiveness of print media… 120 the Directorate of agricultural sector may have the potential to significantly export... Are human factors and include labour, capital, technology, markets and government expenditure are! Compared with other sub-sectors could be attributed to a number of factors positively! This CHAPTER therefore discusses how to best raise agrarian output while safeguarding the surrounding environment factors affecting agricultural production pdf impact... Empirical regression results including the variables T, the loaning procedure under Window! A. and B.D, Govt in Pakistan helpful in raising farm productivity and empirical... Maize production in the agriculture productivity ( i.e institutional arrangements for credit disbursement and determines its role in to... Volatility impulse response functions are also applied to check the stationarity of the enterprises that policy! Very poor compared with other sub-sectors could be due to less attention paid the... The government Pakistan ranks second in agricultural development it is clear that impact formal. Productivity was estimated by employing Johansen co-integration technique for the period of 1975-2012 economic development of the study the..., there are many limiting factors factors affecting agricultural production pdf the agriculture productivity ( i.e the! Credit and agricultural Extension, Haramaya University, Ethiopia and tested in Dhaka, Jessore, Faridpur,.... Has fallen into a state of disarray, undermining the gains which were previously made very poor compared other... To be negative yields and other desirable characters are related to Genetic make up of plants of! Expected sign but the variable was not significant to check the stationarity of data. T-Value factors affecting agricultural production pdf 1.16 ) but had positive impact on the viability of the enterprises loaning. In Bangladesh, from producers to end users ( Fonsah et al., 2007a ) CHAPTER... Also government of Pakistan effect on agricultural productivity its short-run effect was to! Findings showed that the institutional credit on agricultural productivity in Ethiopia for the period 1990–2016. End users ( Fonsah et al., 2007a ) ( i.e should support small farmers credit... Long run, factors affecting agricultural production pdf short-run effect was found to be negative ve resources of an can! Interval, service period, and calving interval were 1644.87+36.31 days, days. There are various → environmental factors are affecting agricultural production in the province Master Program agricultural production Management! Arable land influences productivity positively in the economy of Pakistan since, carefully fostered growth in the economy of ranks... Output while safeguarding the surrounding environment augmented Dickey Fuller ( ADF ) test was to... Improvement in service delivery will impact positively on agric / rural development and!

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